Emergency Safety Interventions

  • Use of Emergency Safety Interventions (ESI)

    ESI shall be used only when a student presents a reasonable and immediate danger of physical harm to self or others with the present ability to affect physical harm. Less restrictive alternatives to ESI, such as positive behavior interventions support, shall be deemed inappropriate or ineffective under the circumstances by the school employee witnessing the student’s behavior prior to the use of any ESI. The use of ESI shall cease as soon as the immediate danger of physical harm ceases to exist.  Violent action that is destructive of property may necessitate the use of an ESI.  Use of an ESI for purposes of discipline, punishment, or the convenience of a school employee shall not meet the standard of immediate danger of physical harm.

    ESI Restrictions

    A student shall not be subjected to ESI if the student is known to have a medical condition that could put the student in mental or physical danger as a result of ESI. The existence of such medical condition shall be indicated in a written statement from the student’s licensed health care provider, a copy of which has been provided to the school and placed in the student’s file. 

    Such written statement shall include an explanation of the student’s diagnosis, a list of any reason why ESI would put the student in mental or physical danger and any suggested alternatives to ESI. In spite of the provisions of this subsection, a student may be subjected to ESI if not subjecting the student to ESI would result in significant physical harm to the student or others.

    Use of Seclusion

    When a student is placed in seclusion, a school employee shall see and hear the student at all times.  The presence of another person in the area of purposeful isolation or observing the student from outside the area of purposeful isolation shall not create an exemption from otherwise reporting the incident as seclusion. When a student is placed in or otherwise directed to an area of purposeful isolation, the student shall have reason to believe that the student is prevented from leaving.

    If the area of purposeful isolation is equipped with a locking door designed to prevent a student from leaving the area of purposeful isolation, the door shall be designed to ensure that the lock automatically disengages when the school employee viewing the student walks away from the area of purposeful isolation, or in case of emergency, such as fire or severe weather.

    An area of purposeful isolation shall be a safe place with proportional and similar characteristics as those of rooms where students frequent.  Such area shall be free of any condition that could be a danger to the student, well-ventilated, and sufficiently lighted.


    All staff members shall be trained regarding the use of positive behavioral intervention strategies, de-escalation techniques, and prevention techniques. Such training shall be consistent with nationally recognized training programs on ESI. The intensity of the training provided will depend upon the employee’s position.  Administrators, and other staff deemed most likely to need to restrain a student will be provided more intense training than staff who do not work directly with students in the classroom.  District and building administration shall make the determination of the intensity of training required by each position.  Each school building shall maintain written or electronic documentation regarding the training that was provided and a list of participants, which shall be made available for inspection by the state board of education upon request.