The Kansas Assessment Program (KAP) includes a variety of instructional tools and tests that measure the Kansas College and Career Ready Standards (KCCRS) in English language arts and mathematics (adopted by the Kansas State Board of Education in 2010), the Kansas Science Education Standards (adopted in 2007), and the Kansas Standards for History, Government, and Social Studies (adopted in 2013). These tests are designed to support educators and policy makers in evaluating student learning, as well as to meet the requirements for federal and state accountability.
Broadly speaking, content standards define the depth and breadth of the body of knowledge, conceptual understanding, and skills that students are expected to master during the course of their K–12 education. Content standards are often broken out by subject area, such as mathematics or social studies. Subject areas are further broken down into grade-level expectations. Content standards are different from a curriculum. Typically, a curriculum describes the program and instructional decisions made by local school districts and school administrators to prepare students to demonstrate mastery of the content standards. Ways in which students demonstrate mastery of the content can include teacher observation; classroom activities and projects; informal assessments such as homework assignments, quizzes, and tests; and state tests, which are standardized assessments that students generally take at the end of the year.