The Kansas Assessment Program (KAP) includes a variety of instructional tools and tests that measure Kansas College and Career Ready Standards (KCCRS) in English language arts and mathematics, the Kansas Science Education Standards, and the Kansas Standards for History, Government, and Social Studies. These tests are designed to support educators and policy makers in evaluating student learning, as well as to meet the requirements for federal and state accountability.
Broadly speaking, content standards define the depth and breadth of the body of knowledge, conceptual understanding, and skills students are expected to master during the course of their K–12 education. Content standards are often broken out by subject area. Subject areas are further broken down into grade-level expectations. Content standards are different from curriculum. Typically, curriculum describes the program and instructional decisions made by local school districts and school administrators to prepare students to demonstrate mastery of the content standards. Ways in which students demonstrate mastery of the content can include teacher observation; classroom activities and projects; informal assessments such as homework assignments, quizzes, and tests; and state tests, which are standardized assessments students generally take at the end of the year.